Japanese Vocabulary

As budo is a Japanese martial arts; it is important for all students and

practitioners to understand the terms and basic words used. Many techniques and

expressions can have more than one name or word to describe them which can be

confusing but in the Japanese language there are often different ways to express the same

word.

Numbers 1-20

1 - Ichi

2 - Ni

3 - San

4 - Shi

5 - Go

6 - Roku

7 - Shichi

8 - Hachi

9 - Ku

10 - Jyu

11 - Jyu Ichi

12 - Jyu Ni

13 - Jyu San

14 - Jyu Shi

15 - Jyu Go

16 - Jyu Roku

17 - Jyu Shichi

18 - Jyu Hachi

19 - Jyu Ku

20 - Nijyu

A

Age Uke - Rising Block

Age Zuki - Rising Punch

Aka - Red

Ashi Barai - Leg Sweep

Ashikube -Ankle

Ate Waza - Smashing Technique

Awase - Combined

Awase Zuki - U-Punch

B

Budo- Martial Way

C

Choku Zuki - Straight Punch

Chudan - Middle Level

D

Dachi - Stance

Dan - Level or Grade

Do - The Way Of

Dojo - Place of The Way / Training Place

Dojo-cho - The owner or head of a Japanese dōjō (martial arts training hall).

*The dojocho is not always the chief instructor or highest ranked person, but has an administrative role, or has ownership of the dōjō. The title is used in Japanese martial arts such as judo, karate, kendo, aikido, etc.

E

Empi -Elbow

Empi Uchi - Elbow Strike

Empi Uke - Elbow Block

Enoy - Relax

Enpi (Kata) - Flying Swallow

F

Fudo Dachi -Rooted Stance

Fumikomi - Stamping Kick

Fumikiri - Cutting Kick

G

Gedan - Lower Level

Gedan Barai - Lower Parry

Gedan Barai Uke - Lower Level Sweeping Block

Gedan Zuki - Lower Level Punch

Geri - Kick

Gi - Training Suit

Gohon Kumite - Five Step Sparring

Gyaku - Reverse

Gyaku Kansetsu - Against the Joint

Gyaku Zuki - Reverse Punch

Gyaku Mawashi Geri - Reverse Round Kick

H

Hachiji Dachi - Natural / Open Leg Stance

Hai - Yes

Haishu Uchi - Back Hand Strike

Haishu Uke - Back Hand Block

Haito - Ridge Hand

Haito Uchi - Ridge Hand Strike

Haito Uke - Ridge Hand Block

Hajime - Start

Haiwan - Back Arm

Haiwan Uke - Back Arm Block

Haiwan Nagashi Uke - Back Arm Sweeping Block

Hanmi -Half Facing Position

Hara - Lower Abdomen

Hasami Zuki - Scissors Punch

Heiko Dachi - Parallel Stance

Heiko Zuki - Parallel Punch

Heisoku Dachi - Informal Attention Stance

Hidari - Left

Hiraken - Fore Knuckle Fist

Hiraken Zuki - Fore Knuckle Fist Straight Punch

Hiza - Knee Hiza Geri - Knee Kick

Hombu - Main Dojo Headquarters

Hyosh - Timing

I

Ippon - One Point

Ippon Ken - One Knuckle Fist

Ippon Ken Zuki - One Knuckle Fist Straight Punch

Ippon Nukite - One Finger Spear Hand

J

Jiyu Dachi - Free Stance

Jiyu Ippon Kumite - Semi Free One Step Sparring

Jiyu Kumite - Free Sparring

Jodan - Upper Level

Juji Uke - X Block

K

Ka - Person

Kage Uke - Hooking Block

Kage Zuki - Hooking Punch

Kakato - Heel

Kake Uke - Hooking Block

Kakiwake Uke - Reverse Wedge Block

Kakuto - Bent Wrist

Kaiten - Rotating

Kamae - Posture

Kamaete - Take Up Position

Kata - Formal Exercise

Keage Geri - Snap Kick

Keito Uke - Chicken Head Wrist Block

Kekomi Geri - Thrust Kick

Ken - Fist

Ki - Spirit / Inner Power

Kiai - Spirit Shout

Kiba Dachi - Straddle Leg or Horse Riding Stance

Kihon - Basic Techniques

Kihon Ippon Kumite - Basic One Step Sparring

Kime - Focus

Kin Geri - Groin Kick

Kizami Zuki - Front Snap Punch

Kokutsu Dachi - Back Stance

Koshi - Ball of the Foot

Kumade - Bear Hand

Kumite - Sparring

Kun - Oath

Kyu - Grade Below Black Belt

M

Ma-Ai - Distancing

Mae - Front

Mae Geri - Front Kick

Makiwara - Striking Post

Mawashi Geri - Roundhouse Kick Mawashi Zuki - Roundhouse Punch

Mawate - Turn

Migi - Right

Migi Zuki Geri - Crescent Kick

Mizu No Kokoro - Mind Like Water

Mokuso - Meditation

Morote Uke - Augmented Block

Morote Zuki - Augmented Punch

Morote Tzukami Uki - Two Handed Grasping Block

Moto Dachi - Original Stance

Musubi Dachi - Informal Attention

N

Nagashi Uke - Sweeping Block

Naiwan - Inner Arm

Nakadaka Ippon Ken - Middle Finger One Knuckle Fist

Nakadaka Ken - Middle Finger Knuckle Fist

Nami Ashi (Gaeshi) - Inside Leg Block

Neko Ashi Dachi - Cat Stance

Nidan Geri - Double Kick

Nihon Nukite - Two Finger Spear Hand

Nukite - Spear Hand

O

Obi - Belt

Oi Zuki - Stepping Punch

Osae - Pressing

Otoshi - Dropping

R

Rei - Bow

Reinoji Dachi - L Stance

Ren Zuk - Combination Punch

Ryo - Both

Ryu - School

S

Sambon Kumite - Three Step Sparring

Sanchin Dachi - Hour Glass Stance

Seiken - Fore Fist

Seiza - Kneeling Position (Meditation Posture)

Seiryuto/Ox Jaw Hand / Block

Sempai - Senior

Sensei - Teacher

Shihan - Master

Shusin - Referee

Shiro - White

Shiko Dachi - Square Stance

Shizentai - Natural Stance

Shobu - Competition

Shuto - Knife hand

Shuto Uchi - Knife Hand Strike

Shuto Uke - Knife hand Block

Sochin Dachi - Diagonal Straddle Leg Stance Sokumen - Side

Sokutei Mawashi Uke - Circular Sole Block

Sokuto - Edge of Foot

Sokuto Osai Uke - Pressing Block With Edge of Foot

Soto Ude Uke - Outside Forearm Block

Sukui Uke - Scooping Block

T

Tai Sabaki - Body Shifting

Tameshiwari - Test by Breaking

Tanden - Navel

Tate Empi Uchi - Upward Elbow Strike

Tate Shuto Uke - Vertical Knife Hand Block

Tate Zuki - Vertical Fist Punch

Te - Hand

Teisho - Palm Heel

Teisho Awase Uke - Combined Palm Heel Block

Teisho Uchi - Palm Heel Strike

Teisho Uke - Palm Heel Block

Teiji Dachi - T Stance

Tekubi - Wrist

Tettsui - Bottom Fist

Te Nagashi Uke - Hand Sweeping Block

Te Osae Uke - Hand Pressing Block

Te Waza - Hand Technique

Tobi - Jumping

Tobi Tettsui Uchi - Jumping Hammer Fist Strike

Tokui - Favourite

Tsukami - Grasping

Tsumasaki - Tips of Toes or Fingers

Tsuki - Punching

Tsuru Ashi Dachi - Crane Leg Stance

U

Uchi - Strike

Uchi Ude Uke - Inside Forearm Block

Uchi Hachiji Dachi - Inverted Open Leg Stance

Uchi Waza - Striking Techniques

Ude - Forearm

Uke - Block

Ura Zuki - Close Punch

Uraken - Back Fist

Ushiro Geri - Back Kick

Ushiro Mawashi Geri - Back Roundhouse Kick

Ushiro Empi Uchi - Back Elbow Strike

W

Wa - Harmony

Wan - Arm

Washide - Eagle hand

Waza - Technique

Y

Yama Zuki - Wide U Punch Yame - Stop

Yoi - Ready

Yoko - Side

Yoko Empi - Side Elbow

Yoko Empi Uchi - Side Elbow Strike

Yoko Geri - Side Kick

Z

Zanshin - Mental Alertness

Za Zen - Zen Meditation

Zenkutsu Dachi - Front Stance

Zuki - Punch